Category Archives: Representation Theory

The Representation of $\mathrm{SU}(2)$

Let $\mathcal{H}_j$ be the space of polynomial functions on $\mathbb{C}^2$ that are homogemeous of degree $2j$. An element in $\mathcal{H}_j$  is a polynomial in complex variables $x$ and $y$ that is a linear combination of polynomials $x^py^q$ where $p+q=2j$. $\mathcal{H}_j$ … Continue reading

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Lie Group Actions and Lie Group Representations

$\mathrm{SO}(3)$ acts on $\mathbb{R}^3$ meaning that each element of $\mathrm{SO}(3)$ defines a linear transformation (rotation) of $\mathbb{R}^3$. So we can say that $\mathrm{SO}(3)$ describes the rotational symmetry of $\mathbb{R}^3$. Definition. A group $G$ is said to act on a vector … Continue reading

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Quantum Angular Momentum in $\mathbb{R}^{2+2}$ and $\mathfrak{su}(1,1)$ Representation

It can be shown that quantum angular momentum \begin{align*} L_x&=-i\hbar\left(y\frac{\partial}{\partial z}-z\frac{\partial}{\partial y}\right)\\ L_y&=-i\hbar\left(z\frac{\partial}{\partial x}-x\frac{\partial}{\partial z}\right)\\ L_z&=-i\hbar\left(x\frac{\partial}{\partial y}-y\frac{\partial}{\partial x}\right) \end{align*} can be obtained purely mathematically by $\mathfrak{su}(2)$ Lie algebra representation as discussed here. Since $\mathfrak{su}(2)$ representation contains information on the symmetry … Continue reading

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Quantum Angular Momentum and $\mathfrak{su}(2)$ Representation

In classical mechanics, the angular momentum of a body is given by $$L=r\times p$$ where $r$ and $p$ denote radius arm and linear momentum respectively. In quantum mechanics, the angular momentum of a spinning particle can be obtained by replacing … Continue reading

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Lie Group and Lie Algebra Representations

Given a matrix Lie group $G$, a representation $\Pi$ of $G$ is a Lie group homomorphism $\Pi: G\longrightarrow\mathrm{GL}(V)$, where $V$ is a finite dimensional vector space and the general linear group $\mathrm{GL}(V)$ is the set of all linear isomorphisms of … Continue reading

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